What are the common cultivation modes for smart glass greenhouses?
Modern greenhouse is a new type of greenhouse developed on the basis of mechanization and intelligent upgrade of traditional greenhouse. What are the common cultivation management models for the new artificial intelligence greenhouse?
1. Traditional field planting mode
The field planting model is to grow crops directly in the greenhouse soil. This cultivation method is the most common and has the lowest cost, but our new greenhouse will not use the traditional flood irrigation method, but the integrated method of precision water and fertilizer.
2. Hydroponics and hydroponics mode
The hydroponic model includes a shallow water flow pattern and a deep water flow pattern, using some PVC pipes or some large hydroponic tanks to grow plants in the water. The core of the hydroponic model is the use of nutrient solution, because all the nutrients needed for plant growth are absorbed through the nutrient solution in the water, which requires high technology and is usually suitable for leafy vegetables.
3. Substrate cultivation mode
The substrate cultivation mode is to artificially use planting troughs, and change the substrate for fixing plant roots to coconut bran, rock wool, peat soil, etc. The advantage of substrate cultivation is to eliminate soil-borne diseases, soil compaction, continuous cropping and other problems. At present, the technical requirements for substrate cultivation are less difficult.